Maison Franco-japonaise: 日仏会館 日仏会館・フランス国立日本研究所(UMIFRE19 フランス外務省・国立科学研究センター)

言語:JA / FR


新着情報

2019年10月15日(火)

[研究活動] ジャンパスカル・バッシーノの最新情報(研究員)

Conferences

  • Making the Most of Scarcity in Pre-WWII Japan? Sustainable Development and Changes in Wealth Distribution, the University of Tokyo, 18:00-20:00

    Authors:
    Jean‐Pascal Bassino (ENS Lyon and French Research Institute on Japan, Maison Franco Japonaise)
    Kyoji Fukao (Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University)
    Osamu Saito (Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University)

    Abstract
    What role did natural assets play in the rise of living standards in industrializing nations during the 19th and 20th century? In the case of Japan, initial conditions were characterized by an exceptionally efficient use, by the international standards of the time, of very scarce natural resources, particularly in forestry and silviculture (Totman 1989; Saito 2009, 2014). In spite of their scarcity, natural assets played a critical role in the initial phase of Japanese economic transformation, in the late Tokugawa and early Meiji. In this paper, we estimate the evolution of the comprehensive wealth, the total stock of assets per capita, which includes human and natural assets, and can be regarded as the most relevant indicator of sustainable well-being (Dasgupta 2001, 2009). We devise new methods for expanding the coverage to irrigation water, certain aspects of biodiversity, fish stocks, and informal human capital. Our findings suggest that Japan experienced a rather sustainable development between the 1880s and the 1930s. We also present estimates by type of asset and by ownership and use these series for assessing the role of the different components, and changes in wealth distribution during the period 1885-1940.

Ongoing work:

  • “Sustainable development in Southeast Asia, 1700-1870”, in S. Broadberry & K. Fukao eds. The Cambridge Economic History of the Modern World (à paraître).
  • “Climate and output variability in the Euro-Mediterranean region, 1950-2000” (avec Céline Gimet et Stéphane Quefelec ; à paraître dans Economics Bulletin).

Recent activities:

  • "A First Escape from Poverty in Late Medieval Japan; Evidence from Urban Real Wages (1400-1914)", Jean-Pascal Bassino (IAO, ENS Lyon & IFRJ-MFJ), Kyoji Fukao (Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University), Masanori Takashima (Kwansei Gakuin University), University of Tokyo, Institute of Social Sciences, Research Meeting on Economic History, 13/05/2019
  • "Unsustainable path? Natural capital consumption/destruction and dilution in Vietnam since ca. 1880", communication présentée au Workshop “Governing Southeast Asian Natures”, USPC-NUS Project, National University of Singapore, 8-10/11/2018
  • "A First Escape from Poverty in Late Medieval Japan; Evidence from Urban Real Wages (1400-1914)"
    Jean-Pascal Bassino (IAO, ENS Lyon & IFRJ-MFJ), Kyoji Fukao (Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University), Masanori Takashima (Kwansei Gakuin University)
    28/06/2019 Kobe University, Development Economics and Economic History Seminar
    10/08/2019 Otaru University, SWET 2019 Conference
  • "Making the Most of Scarcity? Natural capital and inequality in Japanese economic development (1885-1940)"
    Jean-Pascal Bassino (IAO, ENS Lyon & IFRJ-MFJ), Kyoji Fukao (Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University), Osamu Saito (Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University)
    12/06/2019 German Institute in Tokyo, Research Seminar

Recent publications:


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